电话:028-85410485; 15881112385
E-Mail:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
刊号:ISSN 1000-7083
        CN 51-1193/Q


Comparisons of Heart Size of Bufo gargarizans from Different Altitudinal Gradients in a Common Garden Environment: Is Hesse's Rule Applicable to Ectotherms?
李苹1,2, 谭松1,2, 姚忠祎1,2, 傅金钟1,3, 陈竞峰1*
点击:216次 下载:23次
作者单位:1. 中国科学院成都生物研究所, 成都 610041;
2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
3. 圭尔夫大学, 圭尔夫ON N1G 2W1, 加拿大
英文关键字:high altitudinal adaptation; Hesse's rule; counter-gradient variation; organ size; Bufo gargarizans
中文摘要:海塞规则(Hesse's rule)是指物种内不同种群或近缘种间的心脏相对大小随海拔或纬度梯度增加而增加。该生物地理规则的实验证据来源于内温动物,是否适用于外温动物仍不清楚。本研究采集了不同海拔的中华蟾蜍Bufo gargarizans进行同园实验,比较心脏及其功能关联器官(肝脏、脾脏、肺脏、肾脏、脂肪体)的相对干重,对海塞规则进行检验。结果显示,中华蟾蜍心脏、肝脏、肺脏、肾脏和脂肪体的相对干重均随海拔增加而减小,与海塞规则预测相反,这提示外温性脊椎动物可能通过降低能量代谢需求以适应高海拔环境。
英文摘要:Hesse's rule refers to the relative heart weight (mass) of a common species in different populations or closely related species increases with increasing latitudinal or elevational gradients. This rule was originally found in endotherms, but whether it is applicable in ectotherms remains unknown. Here, the differences in relative size of hearts and other function-associated organs (liver, spleen, lung, kidney and fat body) in Bufo gargarizans populations from different elevational gradients in a common garden were examined. The results showed that the relative mass of heart, liver, lung, kidney and fat body decreased with the increase of altitude, and this was opposite to the Hesse's rule. However, the pattern of the spleen was consistent with Hesse's rule. These findings imply that ectothermic vertebrates may reduce the levels of energy metabolism to adapt the high altitudinal environments.
2020,39(4): 394-400 收稿日期:2020-01-04
金晨晨, 瞿康山, 张志强. 2014. 黑斑侧褶蛙肥满度及脏器重量的性别和季节差异[J]. yabox13动物, 33(1):106-112.
张莹, 高慧清, 王志, 等. 2017. 中华蟾蜍体重及脏器大小对禁食和重喂食处理的响应[J]. 动物学杂志, 52(2):294-303.
张志强. 2015. 动物生态学研究中免疫学参数的选择及其优缺点分析[J]. yabox13动物, 34(1):145-148.
Berven KA. 1982. The genetic-basis of altitudinal variation in the wood frog Rana sylvatica. 1. An experimental-analysis of life-history traits[J]. Evolution, 36(5):962-983.
Boutilier RG, Donohoe PH, Tattersall GJ, et al. 1997. Hypometabolic homeostasis in overwintering aquatic amphibians[J]. Journal of Experimental Biology, 200(2):387-400.
Canale CI, Henry PY. 2010. Adaptive phenotypic plasticity and resilience of vertebrates to increasing climatic unpredictability[J]. Climate Research, 43(1-2):135-147.
Cardilini APA, Buchanan KL, Sherman CDH, et al. 2016. Tests of ecogeographical relationships in a non-native species:what rules avian morphology?[J]. Oecologia, 181(3):783-793.
Cavieres G, Sabat P. 2008. Geographic variation in the response to thermal acclimation in rufous-collared sparrows:are physiological flexibility and environmental heterogeneity correlated?[J]. Functional Ecology, 22(3):509-515.
Chen W, Zhang LX, Lu X. 2011. Higher pre-hibernation energy storage in anurans from cold environments:a case study on a temperate frog Rana chensinensis along a broad latitudinal and altitudinal gradients[J]. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 48(4):214-220.
Garofalo F, Imbrogno S, Gattuso A, et al. 2006. Cardiac morpho-dynamics in Rana esculenta:influence of sex and season[J]. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A, 145(1):82-89.
Gillooly JF, Gomez JP, Mavrodiev EV. 2017. A broad-scale comparison of aerobic activity levels in vertebrates:endotherms versus ectotherms[J/OL]. Proceedings of the Royal Society B:Biological Sciences, 284:20162328[2019-10-30]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.2328.
Guo BC, Lu D, Liao WB, et al. 2016. Genomewide scan for adaptive differentiation along altitudinal gradient in the Andrew's toad Bufo andrewsi[J]. Molecular Ecology, 25(16):3884-3900.
Hammond KA, Roth J, Janes DN, et al. 1999. Morphological and physiological responses to altitude in deer mice Peromyscus maniculatus[J]. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 72(5):613-622.
Hammond KA, Szewczak J, Krol E. 2001. Effects of altitude and temperature on organ phenotypic plasticity along an altitudinal gradient[J]. Journal of Experimental Biology, 204(11):1991-2000.
Hesse G. 1937. Vber das Oleandrin[J]. Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft (A and B Series), 70(11):2264-2267.
Jonsson KI, Herczeg G, O'Hara RB, et al. 2009. Sexual patterns of prebreeding energy reserves in the common frog Rana temporaria along a latitudinal gradient[J]. Ecography, 32(5):831-839.
Li WX, Liang SW, Wang HH, et al. 2016. The effects of chronic hypoxia on thermoregulation and metabolism in Phrynocephalus vlangalii[J]. Asian Herpetological Research, 7:109-117.
Liao JC, Wang Y, Zhao LM, et al. 2010. Effects of environmental factors on organ mass of midday gerbil (Meriones meridianus Pallas, 1773)[J]. Mammalian Biology, 75(5):381-388.
Liao WB, Liu WC, Merila J. 2015. Andrew meets Rensch:sexual size dimorphism and the inverse of Rensch's rule in Andrew's toad (Bufo andrewsi)[J]. Oecologia, 177(2):389-399.
Martin LB, Pless M, Svoboda J, et al. 2004. Immune activity in temperate and tropical house sparrows:a common-garden experiment[J]. Ecology, 85(8):2323-2331.
Muller J, Bassler C, Essbauer S, et al. 2014. Relative heart size in two rodent species increases with elevation:reviving Hesse's rule[J]. Journal of Biogeography, 41(12):2211-2220.
Nelson RJ, Demas GE. 1996. Seasonal changes in immune function[J]. Quarterly Review of Biology, 71(4):511-548.
Nespolo RF, Bacigalupe LD, Sabat P, et al. 2002. Interplay among energy metabolism, organ mass and digestive enzyme activity in the mouse-opossum Thylamys elegans:the role of thermal acclimation[J]. Journal of Experimental Biology, 205(17):2697-2703.
Piersma T, Bruinzeel L, Drent R, et al. 1996. Variability in basal metabolic rate of a long-distance migrant shorebird (red knot, Calidris canutus) reflects shifts in organ sizes[J]. Physiological Zoology, 69(1):191-217.
Sears MW. 2005. Resting metabolic expenditure as a potential source of variation in growth rates of the sagebrush lizard[J]. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A, 140(2):171-177.
Shirkey NJ, Hammond KA. 2014. The relationship between cardiopulmonary size and aerobic performance in adult deer mice at high altitude[J]. Journal of Experimental Biology, 217(20):3758-3764.
Storey KB, Storey JM. 2017. Molecular physiology of freeze tolerance in vertebrates[J]. Physiological Reviews, 97(2):623-665.
Trzcionka M, Withers KW, Klingenspor M, et al. 2008. The effects of fasting and cold exposure on metabolic rate and mitochondrial proton leak in liver and skeletal muscle of an amphibian, the cane toad Bufo marinus[J]. Journal of Experimental Biology, 211(12):1911-1918.
Tups A, Helwig M, Khorooshi RMH, et al. 2004. Circulating ghrelin levels and central ghrelin receptor expression are elevated in response to food deprivation in a seasonal mammal (Phodopus sungorus)[J]. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 16(11):922-928.
Wen GN, Yang WZ, Fu JZ. 2015. Population genetic structure and species status of asiatic toads (Bufo gargarizans) in western China[J]. Zoological Science, 32(5):427-434.
Yang WZ, Qi Y, Lu B, et al. 2017. Gene expression variations in high-altitude adaptation:a case study of the asiatic toad (Bufo gargarizans)[J/OL]. BMC Genetics, 18(1):62[2019-10-20]. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12863-017-0529-z.
Young S, Egginton S. 2011. Temperature acclimation of gross cardiovascular morphology in common carp (Cyprinus carpio)[J]. Journal of Thermal Biology, 36(7):475-477.
Zhan AB, Fu JZ. 2011. Past and present:phylogeography of the Bufo gargarizans species complex inferred from multi-loci allele sequence and frequency data[J]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 61(1):136-148.
Zhao L, Mai CL, Liu GH, et al. 2019. Altitudinal implications in organ size in the Andrew's toad (Bufo andrewsi)[J]. Animal Biology, 69(3):365-376.
Zhong MJ, Wang XY, Huang YY, et al. 2017. Altitudinal variation in organ size in Polypedates megacephalus[J]. Herpetological Journal, 27(2):235-238.

      读者ID: 密码:   

国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
主管单位:yabox13省科学技术协会  主办单位:yabox13省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/yabox13省野生动植物保护协会/yabox13大学
开户银行:中国工商银行yabox13分行营业部东大支行(工行成都东大支行营业室)  帐户名:yabox13省动物学会  帐号:4402 2980 0900 0012 596
版权所有©2020yabox13动物》编辑部 蜀ICP备08107403号

川公网安备 51010702000173号