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同园环境中不同海拔中华蟾蜍的心脏相对大小:海塞规则是否适合外温动物?
Comparisons of Heart Size of Bufo gargarizans from Different Altitudinal Gradients in a Common Garden Environment: Is Hesse's Rule Applicable to Ectotherms?
李苹1,2, 谭松1,2, 姚忠祎1,2, 傅金钟1,3, 陈竞峰1*
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DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20200008
作者单位:1. 中国科学院成都生物研究所, 成都 610041;
2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
3. 圭尔夫大学, 圭尔夫ON N1G 2W1, 加拿大
中文关键字:高海拔适应;海塞规则;逆梯度变化;器官大小;中华蟾蜍
英文关键字:high altitudinal adaptation; Hesse's rule; counter-gradient variation; organ size; Bufo gargarizans
中文摘要:海塞规则(Hesse's rule)是指物种内不同种群或近缘种间的心脏相对大小随海拔或纬度梯度增加而增加。该生物地理规则的实验证据来源于内温动物,是否适用于外温动物仍不清楚。本研究采集了不同海拔的中华蟾蜍Bufo gargarizans进行同园实验,比较心脏及其功能关联器官(肝脏、脾脏、肺脏、肾脏、脂肪体)的相对干重,对海塞规则进行检验。结果显示,中华蟾蜍心脏、肝脏、肺脏、肾脏和脂肪体的相对干重均随海拔增加而减小,与海塞规则预测相反,这提示外温性脊椎动物可能通过降低能量代谢需求以适应高海拔环境。
英文摘要:Hesse's rule refers to the relative heart weight (mass) of a common species in different populations or closely related species increases with increasing latitudinal or elevational gradients. This rule was originally found in endotherms, but whether it is applicable in ectotherms remains unknown. Here, the differences in relative size of hearts and other function-associated organs (liver, spleen, lung, kidney and fat body) in Bufo gargarizans populations from different elevational gradients in a common garden were examined. The results showed that the relative mass of heart, liver, lung, kidney and fat body decreased with the increase of altitude, and this was opposite to the Hesse's rule. However, the pattern of the spleen was consistent with Hesse's rule. These findings imply that ectothermic vertebrates may reduce the levels of energy metabolism to adapt the high altitudinal environments.
2020,39(4): 394-400 收稿日期:2020-01-04
分类号:Q959.5
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31370431;31729003);国家重点研发计划课题项目(2018YFB1304703);生态环境部生物多样性调查评估项目(2019HJ2096001006);yabox13省科技厅应用基础项目(2018JY0617)
作者简介:李苹(1993-),硕士研究生,研究方向:动物生理生态学
*通信作者:陈竞峰,E-mail:chenjf@cib.ac.cn
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